Janis Lyn Joplin
(January 19, 1943 – October 4, 1970) was an American singer, songwriter and music arranger, from Port Arthur, Texas
. She rose to prominence in the late 1960s as the lead singer
of Big Brother and the Holding Company
and later as a solo artist. In 2004, Rolling Stone
magazine ranked Joplin number 46 on its list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time, and number 28 on its 2008 list of 100 Greatest Singers of All Time.